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kafka-logger

Summary#

Name#

kafka-logger is a plugin which works as a Kafka client driver for the ngx_lua nginx module.

This plugin provides the ability to push requests log data as JSON objects to your external Kafka clusters. In case if you did not receive the log data don't worry give it some time it will automatically send the logs after the timer function expires in our Batch Processor.

For more info on Batch-Processor in Apache APISIX please refer. Batch-Processor

Attributes#

NameTypeRequirementDefaultValidDescription
broker_listobjectrequiredAn array of Kafka brokers.
kafka_topicstringrequiredTarget topic to push data.
producer_typestringoptionalasync["async", "sync"]Producer's mode of sending messages.
required_acksintegeroptional1[0, 1, -1]The number of acknowledgments the producer requires the leader to have received before considering a request complete. This controls the durability of records that are sent. Semantics is the same as kafka producer acks(If set acks=0 then the producer will not wait for any acknowledgment from the server at all. The record will be immediately added to the socket buffer and considered sent. acks=1 This will mean the leader will write the record to its local log but will respond without awaiting full acknowledgement from all followers. acks=-1 This means the leader will wait for the full set of in-sync replicas to acknowledge the record.).
keystringoptionalUsed for partition allocation of messages.
timeoutintegeroptional3[1,...]Timeout for the upstream to send data.
namestringoptional"kafka logger"A unique identifier to identity the batch processor.
meta_formatenumoptional"default"["default","origin"]default: collect the request information with default JSON way. origin: collect the request information with original HTTP request. example
batch_max_sizeintegeroptional1000[1,...]Set the maximum number of logs sent in each batch. When the number of logs reaches the set maximum, all logs will be automatically pushed to the Kafka service.
inactive_timeoutintegeroptional5[1,...]The maximum time to refresh the buffer (in seconds). When the maximum refresh time is reached, all logs will be automatically pushed to the Kafka service regardless of whether the number of logs in the buffer reaches the set maximum number.
buffer_durationintegeroptional60[1,...]Maximum age in seconds of the oldest entry in a batch before the batch must be processed.
max_retry_countintegeroptional0[0,...]Maximum number of retries before removing from the processing pipe line.
retry_delayintegeroptional1[0,...]Number of seconds the process execution should be delayed if the execution fails.
include_req_bodybooleanoptionalfalse[false, true]Whether to include the request body. false: indicates that the requested body is not included; true: indicates that the requested body is included. Note: if the request body is too big to be kept in the memory, it can't be logged due to Nginx's limitation.
include_req_body_exprarrayoptionalWhen include_req_body is true, control the behavior based on the result of the lua-resty-expr expression. If present, only log the request body when the result is true.
include_resp_bodybooleanoptionalfalse[false, true]Whether to include the response body. The response body is included if and only if it is true.
include_resp_body_exprarrayoptionalWhen include_resp_body is true, control the behavior based on the result of the lua-resty-expr expression. If present, only log the response body when the result is true.
cluster_nameintegeroptional1[0,...]the name of the cluster. When there are two or more kafka clusters, you can specify different names. And this only works with async producer_type.

examples of meta_format#

  • default:

    { "upstream": "127.0.0.1:1980", "start_time": 1619414294760, "client_ip": "127.0.0.1", "service_id": "", "route_id": "1", "request": {   "querystring": {     "ab": "cd"   },   "size": 90,   "uri": "/hello?ab=cd",   "url": "http://localhost:1984/hello?ab=cd",   "headers": {     "host": "localhost",     "content-length": "6",     "connection": "close"   },   "body": "abcdef",   "method": "GET" }, "response": {   "headers": {     "connection": "close",     "content-type": "text/plain; charset=utf-8",     "date": "Mon, 26 Apr 2021 05:18:14 GMT",     "server": "APISIX/2.5",     "transfer-encoding": "chunked"   },   "size": 190,   "status": 200 }, "server": {   "hostname": "localhost",   "version": "2.5" }, "latency": 0}
  • origin:

    GET /hello?ab=cd HTTP/1.1host: localhostcontent-length: 6connection: close
    abcdef

Info#

The message will write to the buffer first. It will send to the kafka server when the buffer exceed the batch_max_size, or every buffer_duration flush the buffer.

In case of success, returns true. In case of errors, returns nil with a string describing the error (buffer overflow).

Sample broker list#

This plugin supports to push in to more than one broker at a time. Specify the brokers of the external kafka servers as below sample to take effect of this functionality.

{    "127.0.0.1":9092,    "127.0.0.1":9093}

How To Enable#

The following is an example on how to enable the kafka-logger for a specific route.

curl http://127.0.0.1:9080/apisix/admin/routes/5 -H 'X-API-KEY: edd1c9f034335f136f87ad84b625c8f1' -X PUT -d '{    "plugins": {       "kafka-logger": {           "broker_list" :             {               "127.0.0.1":9092             },           "kafka_topic" : "test2",           "key" : "key1",           "batch_max_size": 1,           "name": "kafka logger"       }    },    "upstream": {       "nodes": {           "127.0.0.1:1980": 1       },       "type": "roundrobin"    },    "uri": "/hello"}'

Test Plugin#

success:

$ curl -i http://127.0.0.1:9080/helloHTTP/1.1 200 OK...hello, world

Metadata#

NameTypeRequirementDefaultValidDescription
log_formatobjectoptional{"host": "$host", "@timestamp": "$time_iso8601", "client_ip": "$remote_addr"}Log format declared as key value pair in JSON format. Only string is supported in the value part. If the value starts with $, it means to get APISIX variable or Nginx variable.

Note that the metadata configuration is applied in global scope, which means it will take effect on all Route or Service which use kafka-logger plugin.

Example#

curl http://127.0.0.1:9080/apisix/admin/plugin_metadata/kafka-logger -H 'X-API-KEY: edd1c9f034335f136f87ad84b625c8f1' -X PUT -d '{    "log_format": {        "host": "$host",        "@timestamp": "$time_iso8601",        "client_ip": "$remote_addr"    }}'

It is expected to see some logs like that:

{"host":"localhost","@timestamp":"2020-09-23T19:05:05-04:00","client_ip":"127.0.0.1","route_id":"1"}{"host":"localhost","@timestamp":"2020-09-23T19:05:05-04:00","client_ip":"127.0.0.1","route_id":"1"}

Disable Plugin#

Remove the corresponding json configuration in the plugin configuration to disable the kafka-logger. APISIX plugins are hot-reloaded, therefore no need to restart APISIX.

$ curl http://127.0.0.1:9080/apisix/admin/routes/1  -H 'X-API-KEY: edd1c9f034335f136f87ad84b625c8f1' -X PUT -d '{    "methods": ["GET"],    "uri": "/hello",    "plugins": {},    "upstream": {        "type": "roundrobin",        "nodes": {            "127.0.0.1:1980": 1        }    }}'