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Configuration based on environments

Extracting configuration from the code makes APISIX adaptable to changes in the operating environments. For example, APISIX can be deployed in a development environment for testing and then moved to a production environment. The configuration for APISIX in these environments would be different.

APISIX supports managing multiple configurations through environment variables in two different ways:

  1. Using environment variables in the configuration file
  2. Using an environment variable to switch between multiple configuration profiles

Using environment variables in the configuration file#

This is useful when you want to change some configurations based on the environment.

To use environment variables, you can use the syntax key_name: ${{ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLE_NAME:=}}. You can also set a default value to fall back to if no environment variables are set by adding it to the configuration as key_name: ${{ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLE_NAME:=VALUE}}. The example below shows how you can modify your configuration file to use environment variables to set the listening ports of APISIX:


When you run APISIX, you can set these environment variables dynamically:


You should set these variables with export. If you do not export, APISIX will fail to resolve for these variables.

Now when you start APISIX, it will listen on port 8132 and expose the Admin API on port 9232.

To use default values if no environment variables are set, you can add it to your configuration file as shown below:


Now if you don't specify these environment variables when running APISIX, it will fall back to the default values and expose the Admin API on port 9180 and listen on port 9080.

Similarly, you can also use environment variables in apisix.yaml when deploying APISIX in standalone mode.

For example, you can export the upstream address and port to environment variables:

export HOST_PORT=80

Then create a route as such:

uri: "/anything"
"${{HOST_ADDR}}:${{HOST_PORT}}": 1
type: roundrobin

Initialize and start APISIX in standalone mode, requests to /anything should now be forwarded to

WARNING: When using docker to deploy APISIX in standalone mode. New environment variables added to apisix.yaml while APISIX has been initialized will only take effect after a reload.

Using the APISIX_PROFILE environment variable#

If you have multiple configuration changes for multiple environments, it might be better to have a different configuration file for each.

Although this might increase the number of configuration files, you would be able to manage each independently and can even do version management.

APISIX uses the APISIX_PROFILE environment variable to switch between environments, i.e. to switch between different sets of configuration files. If the value of APISIX_PROFILE is env, then APISIX will look for the configuration files conf/config-env.yaml, conf/apisix-env.yaml, and conf/debug-env.yaml.

For example for the production environment, you can have:

  • conf/config-prod.yaml
  • conf/apisix-prod.yaml
  • conf/debug-prod.yaml

And for the development environment:

  • conf/config-dev.yaml
  • conf/apisix-dev.yaml
  • conf/debug-dev.yaml

And if no environment is specified, APISIX can use the default configuration files:

  • conf/config.yaml
  • conf/apisix.yaml
  • conf/debug.yaml

To use a particular configuration, you can specify it in the environment variable:

export APISIX_PROFILE=prod

APISIX will now use the -prod.yaml configuration files.