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The echo Plugin is to help users understand how they can develop an APISIX Plugin.

This Plugin addresses common functionalities in phases like init, rewrite, access, balancer, header filter, body filter and log.


The echo Plugin is built as an example. It has missing cases and should not be used in production environments.


before_bodystringoptionalBody to use before the filter phase.
bodystringoptionalBody that replaces the Upstream response.
after_bodystringoptionalBody to use after the modification phase.
headersobjectoptionalNew headers to use for the response.

At least one of before_body, body, and after_body must be specified.

Enable Plugin#

The example below shows how you can enable the echo Plugin for a specific Route:


You can fetch the admin_key from config.yaml and save to an environment variable with the following command:

admin_key=$(yq '.deployment.admin.admin_key[0].key' conf/config.yaml | sed 's/"//g')
curl -H "X-API-KEY: $admin_key" -X PUT -d '
"plugins": {
"echo": {
"before_body": "before the body modification "
"upstream": {
"nodes": {
"": 1
"type": "roundrobin"
"uri": "/hello"

Example usage#

First, we configure the Plugin as mentioned above. We can then make a request as shown below:

curl -i
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
before the body modification hello world

Delete Plugin#

To remove the echo Plugin, you can delete the corresponding JSON configuration from the Plugin configuration. APISIX will automatically reload and you do not have to restart for this to take effect.

curl  \
-H "X-API-KEY: $admin_key" -X PUT -d '
"methods": ["GET"],
"uri": "/hello",
"plugins": {},
"upstream": {
"type": "roundrobin",
"nodes": {
"": 1