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It's useful to set arbitrary breakpoint in any Lua file to inspect the context information, e.g. print local variables if some condition satisfied.

In this way, you don't need to modify the source code of your project, and just get diagnose information on demand, i.e. dynamic logging.

This plugin supports setting breakpoints within both interpretd function and jit compiled function. The breakpoint could be at any position within the function. The function could be global/local/module/ananymous.


  • Set breakpoint at any position
  • Dynamic breakpoint
  • customized breakpoint handler
  • You could define one-shot breakpoint
  • Work for jit compiled function
  • If function reference specified, then performance impact is only bound to that function (JIT compiled code will not trigger debug hook, so they would run fast even if hook is enabled)
  • If all breakpoints deleted, jit could recover

Operation Graph#

API to define hook in hooks file#

require("apisix.inspect.dbg").set_hook(file, line, func, filter_func)#

The breakpoint is specified by file (full qualified or short file name) and the line number.

The func specified the scope (which function or global) of jit cache to flush:

  • If the breakpoint is related to a module function or global function, you should set it that function reference, then only the jit cache of that function would be flushed, and it would not affect other caches to avoid slowing down other parts of the program.

  • If the breakpointis related to local function or anonymous function, then you have to set it to nil (because no way to get function reference), which would flush the whole jit cache of Lua vm.

You attach a filter_func function of the breakpoint, the function takes the info as argument and returns true of false to determine whether the breakpoint would be removed. You could setup one-shot breakpoint at ease.

The info is a hash table which contains below keys:

  • finfo: debug.getinfo(level, "nSlf")
  • uv: upvalues hash table
  • vals: local variables hash table


delayintegerFalse3Time in seconds specifying how often to check the hooks file.
hooks_filestringFalse"/usr/local/apisix/plugin_inspect_hooks.lua"Lua file to define hooks, which could be a link file. Ensure only administrator could write this file, otherwise it may be a security risk.

Enabling the Plugin#

Plugin is enabled by default (conf/config-default.yaml):

- inspect

delay: 3
hooks_file: "/usr/local/apisix/plugin_inspect_hooks.lua"

Example usage#

# create test route
curl -H 'X-API-KEY: edd1c9f034335f136f87ad84b625c8f1' -X PUT -d '
"methods": ["GET"],
"uri": "/get",
"plugins": {
"limit-req": {
"rate": 100,
"burst": 0,
"rejected_code": 503,
"key_type": "var",
"key": "remote_addr"
"upstream": {
"type": "roundrobin",
"nodes": {
"": 1

# create a hooks file to set a test breakpoint
# Note that the breakpoint is associated with the line number,
# so if the Lua code changes, you need to adjust the line number in the hooks file
cat <<EOF >/usr/local/apisix/example_hooks.lua
local dbg = require "apisix.inspect.dbg"

dbg.set_hook("limit-req.lua", 88, require("apisix.plugins.limit-req").access, function(info)
ngx.log(ngx.INFO, debug.traceback("foo traceback", 3))
ngx.log(ngx.INFO, dbg.getname(info.finfo))
ngx.log(ngx.INFO, "conf_key=", info.vals.conf_key)
return true

--- more breakpoints could be defined via dbg.set_hook()
--- ...

# enable the hooks file
ln -sf /usr/local/apisix/example_hooks.lua /usr/local/apisix/plugin_inspect_hooks.lua

# check errors.log to confirm the test breakpoint is enabled
2022/09/01 00:55:38 [info] 2754534#2754534: *3700 [lua] init.lua:29: setup_hooks(): set hooks: err=nil, hooks=["limit-req.lua#88"], context: ngx.timer

# access the test route
curl -i

# check errors.log to confirm the test breakpoint is triggered
2022/09/01 00:55:52 [info] 2754534#2754534: *4070 [lua] resty_inspect_hooks.lua:4: foo traceback
stack traceback:
/opt/lua-resty-inspect/lib/resty/inspect/dbg.lua:50: in function </opt/lua-resty-inspect/lib/resty/inspect/dbg.lua:17>
/opt/apisix.fork/apisix/plugins/limit-req.lua:88: in function 'phase_func'
/opt/apisix.fork/apisix/plugin.lua:900: in function 'run_plugin'
/opt/apisix.fork/apisix/init.lua:456: in function 'http_access_phase'
access_by_lua(nginx.conf:303):2: in main chunk, client:, server: _, request: "GET /get HTTP/1.1", host: ""
2022/09/01 00:55:52 [info] 2754534#2754534: *4070 [lua] resty_inspect_hooks.lua:5: /opt/apisix.fork/apisix/plugins/limit-req.lua:88 (phase_func), client:, server: _, request: "GET /get HTTP/1.1", host: ""
2022/09/01 00:55:52 [info] 2754534#2754534: *4070 [lua] resty_inspect_hooks.lua:6: conf_key=remote_addr, client:, server: _, request: "GET /get HTTP/1.1", host: ""

Disable plugin#

To remove the inspect Plugin, you can remove it from your configuration file (conf/config.yaml):

# - inspect