Skip to main content
Version: 3.0.0-beta

Route

Description#

Routes match the client's request based on defined rules, load and execute the corresponding plugins, and forwards the request to the specified Upstream.

A Route mainly consists of three parts:

  1. Matching rules (uri, host, remote address)
  2. Plugin configuration (current-limit, rate-limit)
  3. Upstream information

The image below shows some example Route rules. Note that the values are of the same color if they are identical.

All the parameters are configured directly in the Route. It is easy to set up, and each Route has a high degree of freedom.

When Routes have repetitive configurations (say, enabling the same plugin configuration or Upstream information), to update it, we need to traverse all the Routes and modify them. This adds a lot of complexity, making it difficult to maintain.

These shortcomings are independently abstracted in APISIX by two concepts: Service and Upstream.

Example#

The Route example shown below proxies the request with the URL /index.html to the Upstream service with the address 127.0.0.1:1980.

$ curl http://127.0.0.1:9180/apisix/admin/routes/1 -H 'X-API-KEY: edd1c9f034335f136f87ad84b625c8f1' -X PUT -i -d '
{
"uri": "/index.html",
"upstream": {
"type": "roundrobin",
"nodes": {
"127.0.0.1:1980": 1
}
}
}'
HTTP/1.1 201 Created
Date: Sat, 31 Aug 2019 01:17:15 GMT
Content-Type: text/plain
Transfer-Encoding: chunked
Connection: keep-alive
Server: APISIX web server

{"node":{"value":{"uri":"\/index.html","upstream":{"nodes":{"127.0.0.1:1980":1},"type":"roundrobin"}},"createdIndex":61925,"key":"\/apisix\/routes\/1","modifiedIndex":61925}}

A successful response indicates that the route was created.

Configuration#

For specific options of Route, please refer to the Admin API.